The Supervision (Insurance) Department (ISD ) is responsible for the licensing and supervision of ’ ’Bermuda’s insurance companies, insurance intermediaries and investment funds. The department is organised into various specialist units, namely: Licensing This unit is responsible for processing applications filed pursuant to the Insurance Act 1978 (Insurance Act). This includes applications for registration and deregistration (including amalgamations and mergers) of entities licensed under either IA. The unit also coordinates the review of applications to be presented to the Authority’s Assessment and Licensing Committee, the decision-making body established to consider applications requesting approval to be licensed under the IA.
This team is responsible for supervising Bermuda’s groups, commercial insurers, limited purpose insurers, insurance intermediaries, innovative insurers and intermediaries and investment funds under the Investment Funds Act 2006 (IFA). Key elements of the ‘’ISD’s supervisory regime include:
In addition, the Supervision unit is responsible for processing applications filed pursuant to the IA and the IFA, such as notification of material changes, requests for approvals and requests for exemption from or modification to the requirements stated in the legislation. ISD’s approach involves the application of appropriate supervisory intensity to key areas of risk, including where material amounts of business are transacted with unrelated parties. Reliance is placed on transparency and ongoing disclosures where counterparties are deemed to be sophisticated and capable of understanding their business risks and determining their degree of tolerance for them. When necessary, the team provides recommendations for developing appropriate policies to support the implementation of the regulatory and supervisory framework.
Licensing and Authorisations
The department is responsible for the processing of all applications filed pursuant to the Insurance Act 1978. This includes applications for licensing, applications for deregistration, notification of material changes, requests for approvals and requests for exemption from or modification to the requirements stated in the legislation. When necessary, the team provides recommendations for developing appropriate policies to support the implementation of the regulatory and supervisory framework.
Insurance Regulatory Affairs
The Insurance Regulatory Affairs function serves as the liaison between the BMA and the international regulatory community for insurance. The Insurance Regulatory Affairs function works to maintain and strengthen the BMA’s contributions to international standards and other cross-border regulatory initiatives. The team is also tasked with keeping abreast of international policies and regulations and working to solidify relationships with other international regulators, such as the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority and the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. The BMA is a member of the International Association of Insurance Supervisors and continues to be heavily involved in developing standards for global insurance regulation.
Finally, the team also supports the development of the BMA’s insurance regulatory agenda and identifies and contributes to Bermuda’s response to key global challenges.
The Actuarial Services Department is responsible for providing professional actuarial advice throughout the organisation, focusing on underwriting, reserving, investment, asset-liability management, assessment of risk aggregating processes, risk management, own risk and solvency assessment, capital requirements and capital management.
The Actuarial Services Department also:
The Banking, Trust, Corporate Services and Investments (BTCSI) Department is responsible for prudential regulation and supervision of firms licensed in these sectors. The Department, comprising senior analyst, managerial and administrative staff, is divided into three teams that are responsible for the initial approval and ongoing monitoring of licensee activities in accordance with the provisions of the legislative and supervisory framework.
The Relationship Management (RM) Team is responsible for analysing and processing new applications for licensing and assessing/approving subsequent material changes, including changes of shareholders/controllers. In addition, the team conducts prudential meetings with licensees post licensing and on an ongoing basis and uses the prudential information and results from prudential filings to provide intelligence to the On-site Team to assist with the update of the BMA’s licensee risk matrix.
Regulatory and Monitoring
The Regulatory and Monitoring (R&M) Team oversees the banking sector and other deposit-taking firms, including money service businesses and the credit union. The team is also responsible for the collection and analysis of data and prudential returns for these entities, the conduct of quarterly prudential meetings with senior management of banking licensees, the analyses of and recommendations on the setting of capital levels for the banking sector based on the BMA’s review of their capital review and risk profile filings, and contributions to financial stability-related work.
The On-site Team is responsible for planning and executing on-site reviews for all BTCSI licensees, managing the post review remediation activities and managing the Department’s risk matrix for all licensees. In this role the On-site Team works very closely with the RM and R&M teams and with the key senior executive of licensee firms.
The Financial Technology (FinTech) Department is responsible for regulation, licensing and supervision for the FinTech sector, particularly digital assets businesses and digital asset issuers.
The Policy Development, Strategy and International Affairs Department provides critical input in achieving the Authority's strategic goals by creating a framework that supports objectives under the Bermuda Monetary Authority Act 1969.
Regulatory policy development transforms international developments and regulatory issues into a suite of regulatory instruments, such as laws, regulations, codes and guidance notes, to achieve outcomes both practical to Bermuda's financial markets and prudent in their prevention of risks. This necessitates consultation with the Authority's key stakeholders, including the Government of Bermuda, the financial services sector and international partners.
The strategy function's role is to develop and execute the corporate strategy management process, which includes collaboration between stakeholders to produce the corporate strategy, Key Strategic Initiatives (KSIs) and reports for the Authority's Board of Directors. Additionally, the team assists with conducting external environment analysis and works alongside key internal stakeholders to translate the corporate strategy into the KSIs. The team also monitors the implementation of initiatives to minimise strategic execution risks, working with stakeholders to improve collaboration and efficiencies, especially for those impacting KSIs across sectors and/or multiple departments.
The International Affairs function sits within Policy Development, Strategy and International Affairs and serves as the liaison between the BMA and the international regulatory community. The team works closely with the supervisory departments across the regulated sectors to drive engagement in the international arena. The International Affairs function works to maintain and strengthen the BMA's contributions to international standards and other cross-border initiatives. The team is also tasked with keeping abreast of international policies and regulations and working to solidify relationships with other international regulators and international fora, such as the IAIS. The team also supports the development of the BMA's insurance regulatory agenda and identifies and contributes to Bermuda's response to key global challenges.
The Financial Stability and Research department provides macroprudential surveillance of Bermuda’s financial system to identify vulnerabilities or threats through early warning indicators and mitigate said risks through purpose-built policies developed by the department.
The Department implements a robust recovery and resolution framework, promotes financial stability with key stakeholders in Bermuda and works collaboratively with international organisations to develop policies affecting Bermuda’s financial stability.
Additionally, it directs and oversees research projects on sector-specific issues and develops new quantitative approaches aimed at the assessment of systemic risk. The Department also works closely with the Authority’s Policy Development Department.
The Legal Services and Enforcement Department (LED) provides legal advice to the Authority related to the exercise of its statutory powers under the Bermuda Monetary Authority Act 1969 and other financial services and related laws of Bermuda.
The LED is also responsible for administering the enforcement framework for non-compliance matters involving regulated financial institutions and a range of related entities.
A member of LED is also responsible for performing the following functions:
Corporate Authorisations Department
The Bermuda Monetary Authority’s Corporate Authorisations Department has responsibility for beneficial ownership and control and vetting of new businesses seeking to establish Bermuda operations and the transfer and issuance of shares, including engaging with industry regarding exchange control matters.
The Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Department works in tandem with the prudential teams on an entity-by-entity basis to ensure that all regulated entities under its remit are in compliance with Bermuda's Anti-Money Laundering/Anti-Terrorist Financing (AML/ATF) regulatory regime. The department also works in conjunction with the National Anti-Money Laundering Committee to ensure that Bermuda’s national legislative and regulatory framework remains in compliance with international standards.
The Data Science and Artificial Intelligence Department is responsible for leading the strategy and design of predictive models for risk-based supervision. The team identifies high-risk licensed institutions by implementing robotic process automation and ensuring effective supervisory frameworks for all sectors in the Bermuda market.
The Department has responsibility for building an advanced data analytics platform, using statistical techniques and machine learning models, to guide supervisors in identifying sector vulnerabilities and high-risk entities. This informs supervisory strategies in researching and identifying emerging risks and financial services innovations as well as making recommendations on adapting supervisory frameworks to implement innovative solutions. The team has responsibility for managing risk modelling of financial institutions for a forward-looking view of financial institution solvency and the probability of future solvency breaches over time.
The Authority's Operations Department is responsible for the following functions:
Business and Operations Support: The Business and Operations Support department maintains a unified framework for the Authority. It standardises procedures, leverages resources, and manages different facets of projects, such as definition, risk, and cost-benefit analysis. The department captures and disseminates knowledge, manages organisational information, and provides support for operational elements such as building and facilities management, health and safety, and vendor management according to policies and procedures.